Tbilisi’s Muslim population appeared after the conquest of the city by Arabs in the early VII century. Several mosques were erected in Tbilisi during the Middle Ages. The largest among them was the Shi’a mosque that stood on the right bank of the Mtkvari, close to the river. According to oral tradition, it was built by Shah Ismail I of Iran, who invaded Georgia and occupied Tbilisi from 1522 to 1524.
TSROMI Church - The church in Tsromi is one of the most important early medieval buildings in Georgia, from both architectural and historical points of view. According to tradition, the church was erected at the place where St. Razhden the Protomartyr, a fifth-century Iranian convert to Christianity, was executed. The first church at the location of St Razhden’s martyrdom in Tsromi was most probably built in the late fifth century.
A trip through the Impressive Architectural Landmarks in Tbilisi - Aghmashenebeli Avenue, Machabeli Street, Sololaki, Vera. The diversity of Tbilisi’s architecture was revealed from the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century. Cosmopolitan style met local traditions in Tbilisi, and this international artistic language of forms and themes merged with a clear national tradition.
The Church of the Savior of Mghvimevi, which dates from the 1270s, stands on a steep cliff face high above the road in a suburb of the city of Chiatura in Imereti. It is built in front of a natural cave, and is partly sheltered by a large overhanging steep ledge of rock (the name of the place derives from Mghvime, which means cave in Georgian).
Lado Alexi-Meshkhishvili (1915-1978) is one of the most outstanding architects, whose creative work has left a significant mark on Georgia, particularly in Tbilisi. Though Lado Alexi-Meskhishvili had to work in two completely different stylistic and ideological periods, all of his works are characterized by their simplicity, subtlety, and lack of excessive decoration and overload of details. Even though his projects share some common features, they are all unique.
Ateni Sioni is Georgian Orthodox church features 4 apses with 4 niches & Nuskhuri inscriptions. The first church was constructed at the site as early as the fifth century. Archaeological studies have revealed that it must have been a large basilica. The majority of the substructure was also built during that period. Ateni is located in Shida Kartli province, 15 km from the town of Gori. The church known as Sioni (i. e. Zion) stands on a giant artificial platform constructed atop a cliff at a bend in the Tana River gorge.
The building of the former Ministry of Highway Construction in Georgia, which is currently the @bankofgeorgia Headquarters. Architect Giorgi Chakhava was appointed to the post of Deputy Minister of Highways in 1969, and served as both the customer and executor of the project. He chose the site himself, with the intention of making the building prominent and noticeable to people as they were entering and leaving the city. Today, this building serves as an advertisement for Georgia on the world map of twentieth-century architecture. Architects: Giorgi Chakhava, Zurab Jalaghania Designers: Alexander Kimberg, Teimuraz Tkhilava Design Institute: “Gipropromselstroy” until 1970, later the 3rd architectural studio of Tbilzniyep Project development period: 1967-1970 Building construction period: 1972-1975
he Temple of the Iverian All Holy Mother of God Icon in Samegrelo, Zugdidi. This cathedral is an outstanding example of modern church architecture. The building is located in the center of Zugdidi. Construction began in 2009 with the blessing of the Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia, Ilia II, and continues to this day. Not one of the ornaments adorning the temple’s facade is repeated. Mosaics will be created to decorate the interior. In addition, a complex is also being built that is to become a center of religious and cultural education. Archil Mindiashvili is the chief architect of the cathedral. As a result of its architectural and spiritual significance, the All-Holy Mother of God Cathedral of Iveria will become one of the principal monuments in Georgia’s cultural heritage.
Kvatakhevi Monastery is located in the province of Shida Kartli, deep in the Kavtura River Gorge. The main church of the monastery, which is dedicated to the Mother of God, was built around 1200 and is considered to represent one of the best examples of Georgian architecture from the Epoch of Queen Tamar.
hitakhevi Monastery, which is popularly known as the Green Monastery, is located 15 km from the spa town of Borjomi. Its foundation is associated with two disciples of the great spiritual leader St. Gregory of Khandzta, Theodore and Christophore, and their arrival in the Borjomi Gorge (historical province of Tori) in the 830s. The monks established two monasteries: in Nedzvi and Kviriketsminda. These foundations soon grew into branches, one of which was situated in Chitakhevi.
MARTQOPI MONASTERY dates back to the mid-sixth century when St. Anton, one of a group of monks known as the “Thirteen Syrian Fathers,” settled here. According to tradition, he lived on top of a pillar, thus following the Syrian practice of Stylitism. Soon a community of monks had gathered around him, which led to the foundation of a monastery that was subsequently named Martqopi (shortened from “Martodmqopi” – literally "one living in solitude," a hermit). Monastery is located about 25 km east of Tbilisi.
ANCHISKHATI - The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, which is located in Zemo (Upper) Kala District and known as Anchiskhati, is the oldest preserved church in Tbilisi. Its plan, architectural design, and building technique suggest a date in the early Christian period. Seemingly, a note in the Georgian chronicle that mentions King Dachi of Iberia (ca 502-514) building St Mary's Church in Tbilisi refers to this church. The interior of the church is covered with murals painted in 1683 by order of Catholicos Nicholas VI, and in 1813 at the request of Dean Dimitri Aleksi-Meskhishvili.
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University is a public research university established on 8 February 1918 in Tbilisi, Georgia. TSU is the oldest university in Georgia and the Caucasus region. The university has five branches in the regions of Georgia, six faculties, 60 scientific-research laboratories and centers, a scientific library, seven museums and publishing house. The main founder of the university was a Georgian historian and academician, Ivane Javakhishvili. Among the co-founders were also several scientists, including Giorgi Akhvlediani, Shalva Nutsubidze, Dimitri Uznadze, Grigol Tsereteli, Akaki Shanidze, Andrea Razmadze, Korneli Kekelidze, Ioseb Kipshidze, Petre Melikishvili and Ekvtime Takaishvili. Professor Petre Melikishvili, a Georgian chemist, became the first rector of TSU.
Gremi is the former capital of the Kingdom of Kakheti. Its archaeological site includes a citadel, a royal quarter, and a trade district. The Church of the Archangels in the citadel was built by King Levan in 1565. It is one of the best examples of sixteenth-century Georgian architecture.
GONIO FORTRESS stands on flatlands near the sea coast, and during the Roman period it was directly linked to a harbour in order to secure safe navigation. Exact date of its foundation is unknown, but it is believed to have been built in the first century AD, and restored in the fourth and sixth centuries. According to Georgian Orthodox Church tradition, the tomb of St Matthias (the apostle chosen to replace Judas Iscariot) is located in Gonio. Music by Erekle Getsadze